President Trump will give a speech on Tuesday morning before the U.N. that will criticize North Korea over violations of U.N. resolutions concerning its 6th nuclear test on September 3rd and carrying out series of ballistic missile tests in recent months that crashed into the Pacific Ocean.
On September 12th the U.N. Security Council unanimously approved U.N. Resolution 2375 against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea that bans the sale of natural gas liquids to the isolated Asian nation, textile exports, and prohibits Member States from providing work authorizations to North Korean nationals.
The Security Council condemned in strongest terms Pyongyang’s 6th nuclear test, declaring that the action stood in flagrant disregard of its resolutions and reaffirmed that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea must immediately suspend all activities related to its ballistic missile and nuclear programs in a complete, verifiable, and irreversible manner.
The Security Council also decided that all Member States would prohibit the direct, indirect supply, sale, or transfer to North Korea of all refined petroleum products beyond 500,000 barrels during an initial period of 3 months, beginning on October 1, 2017 and ending on December 31, 2017 and exceeding 2 million barrels in a 12 month period beginning on January 1, 2018 and annually thereafter.
In response to North Korea’s ballistic missile tests conducted on July 3rd and July 28th, the U.N. Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 237 on August 5th which targeted North Korea’s fossil fuel industry with bans on the export of coal, iron, iron ore, lead, lead ore, and also seafood.
North Korea is estimated to earn approximately $3 billion per year from export revenues with coal generating the highest level of revenue over $401 million a year.
Also included in the August 5th sanctions list were a mixture of other sanctions involving North Korea’s arms smuggling, joint ventures with foreign companies, banks, and other sources of revenue.
President Trump’s “fire and fury” comment sent a sharp message to Pyongyang and made it clear that the U.S. will strike hard if North Korea threatens Guam or the continental U.S.
On Friday National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster said that U.N. imposed sanctions on North Korea are just now taking effect and what’s really important is rigorous enforcement of those sanctions while allowing the economic actions and diplomacy to unfold.
The United States and North Korea currently have no diplomatic relations.
McMaster pointed out there is a military option available for dealing with North Korea but said it’s not what the U.S. would prefer to do and emphasized what they have to do instead is call on all nations “to address this global problem short of war.”
Admitting that it takes time for any strategy to work, McMaster said that there is consensus among all key nations that denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula is the “only acceptable objective” and it is not just an issue between the U.S. and North Korea, rather it is an issue between the world and North Korea.
U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis said in a press conference on Monday that there are military options, in concert with America’s allies that the U.S. will take to defend their allies and own interests.
Asked if he believes sanctions against Pyongyang has the potential to work, Secretary Mattis explained they are putting North Korea leader Kim Jong-in in a position where he is aware there’s a penalty to be paid for ignoring international concerns and norms.
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